# Jobs

Much like the Mail facade in the previous section, implementing Jobs in your package is very similar to the workflow you'd go through in a Laravel application.

# Creating a Job

First, create a new Jobs directory in the src/ directory of your package and add a PublishPost.php file, which will be responsible for updating the 'published_at' timestamp of a Post. The example below illustrates what the handle() method could look like:


namespace JohnDoe\BlogPackage\Jobs;

use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\Dispatchable;
use Illuminate\Queue\InteractsWithQueue;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
use JohnDoe\BlogPackage\Models\Post;

class PublishPost implements ShouldQueue
    use Dispatchable, InteractsWithQueue, Queueable, SerializesModels;

    public $post;

    public function __construct(Post $post)
        $this->post = $post;

    public function handle()

# Testing Dispatching a Job

For this example, we have a publish() method on the Post model which is already under test (a unit test for Post). We can easily test the expected behaviour by adding a new PublishPostTest.php unit test in the tests/unit directory.

In this test, we can make use of the Bus facade (opens new window) which offers a fake() helper to swap the real implementation with a mock. After dispatching the Job, we can make assertions on the Bus facade that our Job was dispatched and contains the correct Post.


namespace JohnDoe\BlogPackage\Tests\Unit;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Bus;
use JohnDoe\BlogPackage\Jobs\PublishPost;
use JohnDoe\BlogPackage\Models\Post;
use JohnDoe\BlogPackage\Tests\TestCase;

class PublishPostTest extends TestCase
    /** @test */
    public function it_publishes_a_post()

        $post = Post::factory()->create();



        Bus::assertDispatched(PublishPost::class, function ($job) use ($post) {
            return $job->post->id === $post->id;

As the test passes, you can safely make use of this Job in the package.